‘Peak – ‘Secrets from the New Science of Expertise’ published April 2016, by K.Anders Ericsson deals with how to improve performance with deliberate practice. In it he sets the record straight, practice doesn’t make perfect, it needs to be ‘deliberate’. Malcolm Gladwell in his well-read book ‘Outliers’ popularised the 10,000 hours rule of deliberate practice but Ericsson’s research, gleaned from 30 years of studying mastery is the real source of what makes expertise and he argues that ”deliberate practice” is
Not trying harder and putting in more hours isn’t enough (even if 10,000 hours are done!).
Linked to feedback to identify exactly where and how you are doing.
Connected with our Human brain growing and changing in response to intense training.
It links to the “nature vs nurture” debate , but Ericsson’s working hypothesis is that exceptional skill is mainly due to deliberate practice, even if real raw talent exists, performance can always be improved through deliberate practice.This is probably what Alvin Toffler, the futurist had in mind when suggesting, ‘the illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.’